Suzanne Opton and Michael Fay – The Human Face of War
Suzanne Opton in front of Soldier: Birkholz-353 Days in Iraq, 205 Days in Afghanistan
Photo by Dale Cotton
You’re quiet and peaceful, summering safe at home
You’d never think there was a bloody war on!…
yes, you would…why, you can hear the guns.
Hark! Thud, thud, thud,—quite soft…they never cease—
Those whispering guns—O Christ, I want to go out
And screech at them to stop—I’m going crazy;
I’m going stark, staring mad because of the guns…
“Repression Of War Experience”
Siegfried Sassoon (Poet and Soldier, World War I)
In the cloudy maze of opinion, virulent debate, and public policy swirling around the term “American Troops,” it’s easy to forget the men and women – mothers and fathers, sons and daughters – who patrol the streets of Baghdad and Kandahar scouring SUVs for bombs, trading jokes and playing cards: some days bored; some days afraid.
How do we – no matter our political opinion – register and understand their daily reality?
And how can art provide a bridge between “us” and “them?”
Or in the words of Michael Fay, Chief Warrant Officer 2, United States Marine Corps and Combat Artist, “How do we get past the stereotypes?”
In companion exhibitions at the James A. Michener Art Museum in Doylestown, Michael Fay’s Fire and Ice: Marine Corps Combat Art From Afghanistan and Iraq, and photographer Suzanne Opton’s The Soldier, attempted to answer those questions.
Brian Peterson, Senior Curator at the Michener Museum, says that while the museum received proposals from many artists dealing with the war, Fay’s and Opton’s work shows unusual artistry and depth.
“So few artists find themselves in the position of Mike, who is a solider having served tours of duty in Afghanistan and Iraq,” says Peterson. “Or Opton, who was very persistent, having, after much cajoling, received permission from the superiors at Fort Drum, New York to take soldiers’ pictures.
In Fire and Ice, Fay captures the slouching, half-asleep posture of the bored marine on sentry duty, or the intense concentration of the marine on a raid peering around a corner,” says Peterson.
Danger Close, 2006, Michael Fay.
Photo by Dale Cotton
“Opton, on the other hand, made 90 portraits of soldiers shortly after they returned from Iraq and Afghanistan,” he says. “She uses a 4X5 view camera, which is a slow process, allowing her subjects time to forget the camera and sink into their feelings.”
In the post 9-11 climate and the beginning of the Afghanistan war, Opton kept thinking about the young people she knew who might volunteer to go to war. She looked closely at pictures of soldiers appearing in the news to seek clues as to who they really were.
“I remember that one of my son’s friends opted to enlist,” she says. “And I felt sorry for the mother.”
In her quest to make portraits of soldiers, Opton approached many bases and was repeatedly turned away.
“They asked, ‘Is this a political project?’” she says.
“I said, ‘No, this is art.’”
After repeated requests, Opton gained access to soldiers at Fort Drum Military Base (Home of the 10th Mountain Division) near the New York-Canada border. She began scheduling photo sessions that allowed little time for conversation with the soldiers.
“Still, I consider the process to be a collaboration,” she says. “I asked each soldier to lay his or her head on the table. From this vantage point the head becomes a single object. I meant the head to be isolated and vulnerable, and for the soldiers to forget that a camera was trained on them. Part of the challenge was to get the soldiers to trust me.”
Soldier Deltaph: 382 days in Iraq, Suzanne Opton
Opton’s portraits embody the traditional photographic concept of capturing real people in real events. “I still believe in the power of that,” she says. “But I am not a photojournalist. What I like best is to apply some provocative structure to a real moment in time. Although the subjects are conscious of being looked at, they may be lost in thought by the time the exposure is made. I met one interesting-looking person after another. I thought of the everyman soldier. He or she could be from any war. Since they were posed in vulnerable positions, the implication of being shot down was not lost on these young men and women, but the pose is also a little like seeing someone opposite you with his head on the pillow.”
In many ways, Opton sees the soldiers as men and women who have put themselves beyond the grasp of most Americans. “The New York Subway Hero, Wesley Aufrey was a Marine,” she says. “He made a split-second decision to save a person who had fallen from the platform and had the guts to jump. That ability to think fast and save a life is marvelous, but heroism is not what I was seeking to portray at Fort Drum. I wanted to look in the face of a young person lost in thought.”
Opton says that the photos are from a woman’s point of view. “Maybe a mother’s point of view,” she says. “These men and women were apparently physically unharmed. In a studio situation, the figures are abstracted. The attitude is gentle, or it is frightening? I hate sappy images, but when these photos are life size, you want to hold the soldiers.”
So Opton went back to Fort Drum and invited wives and family members to be in pictures. “Wives and families are victims of war as well,” she says. “I asked the family members to surround and hold the soldiers, who were obviously oblivious to the touch. But maybe this is not so strange. Often, a soldier doesn’t talk about the war to his or her family. Maybe they’ve changed. That’s what the husband or wife fears.”
Soldier: Jimenez-365 Days in Iraq, Suzanne Opton
“I mean you go over there and the rules are completely different. You kill people and you see people you love get killed. You see horrible things and do horrible things and have horrible things done to you, and then you come back to this nice civilized life and you pause…How do you come to terms with it?
“I guess I want the public to see the impact of war on a young person’s face.”
Imagine a man with a gun in one hand and a sketchpad in the other. Imagine that this man is one of a handful of gifted men and women who make up the Combat Arts Program of the United States Marines Corps., a program that began in World War II.
Michael Fay says he chose to join the Marines because of his dad. A gifted artist, Fay went on to study fine art in college, but says that art school didn’t give him enough structure.
“I was a white, middle class kid from Allentown, PA. I did my partying, wore the uniform – long hair and bellbottoms – just like everyone else. It didn’t add up to much, though. But, at boot camp I met someone I had never met before – myself. I learned what I was psychologically and physically capable of doing.”
Fay went to Somalia and the former Yugoslavia, all the while sketching images that conveyed stories of war.
Lance Corporal Diane L. Kavenek, 2006, Michael Fay
“Being of a certain generation born in the fifties, I enjoyed listening to narratives,” he says. “I think that’s what we’re missing in the world now. I look at storytelling and there’s a philosophy behind it. And I ask myself, how do certain painters create a narrative?”
At an early age, Fay was attracted to the work of Howard Pyle who illustrated the adventures of Robin Hood and founded the Brandywine School and Artist Colony. But Fay’s role model for combat art is painter Winslow Homer, who was sent by Harper’s to cover the Civil War.
“Back then, there was a great need by the American public to know what their sons and fathers were experiencing,” says Fay. “It was time when people didn’t travel more than twenty miles from their homes. Pennsylvania was a country. Virginia was a country. To go from Pennsylvania to Virginia was like going to France. Homer forged what I think of as a distinctly American form of combat art. Obviously, there were photographers, but art is different than a photograph. Homer said, ‘What I’m doing is not photography but it’s filling a need.’”
Which is what Fay aims to do with his art. “I want it to be part of a narrative, not separate from what I and the world are experiencing,” he says. “Without images, how powerful would the story be? Having been to Iraq and Afghanistan, the world that I live in is the tactical world. It includes the day-to-day world of civilians doing something as simple as going to the market. That’s where the “strategic” is politics. When the enemy is bombing a market or a school, they know that strategically people are still going to buy food. Kids are still going to go to school. The insurgents know very well what they’re doing.”
So Fay looked to Homer and the way he connected the tactical world of the battlefield to art.
“Homer would do a quick sketch of a battle scene, send it to Harper’s, and they would flesh it out with etchers. He went out with a sniper and taught himself how to do an oil painting of that sniper in a tree. Then, he would paint guys just trying to warm themselves by a fire.”
Fay calls his art a form of slowed vision. And although he considers himself an inheritor of Homer, his process differs. “I’ve shot at people. I’ve sweated. I’ve been wounded. It’s not Hollywood. Soldiers love watching movies about war because in Hollywood, the rifle doesn’t overheat, and somehow that rifle has an unlimited amount of artillery. In reality, if you shot five bullets in a minute like they do in every movie, that barrel would be so hot it would burn your hand,. Not only that, it would turn red and translucent and you would see the bullets going down a barrel.”
The Two Hands, 2004, Michael Fay
Photo by Dale Cotton
Fay realizes that part of his job is to tell Americans about the people on the ground. “For soldiers, whether we’re on the left or right, we’ve been with Iraqis. We love them. They interact with us. Women, children, old men giving us candy. And at the end of the day, I want to draw a good portrait of them.”
Curator Peterson agrees. “Portraiture is a mysterious gift because you must project your own image on another person,” he says. “Fay is a highly skilled draftsman and he’s able to translate it into potent images of human beings. He doesn’t walk into the camp, paint a portrait, and leave. He embeds himself with the unit and gets to know those individuals. He learns their stories and quirks and translates that into art.”
Fay hopes that his work, though grounded in realism, is more poetry than prose, and more art than journalism.
“I don’t want my presence distilled away. I was there as a soldier in the heat, watchful and tense at the beginning of a dawn raid, surrounded by children at the edge of a soccer field littered with unexploded mortar rounds, and bouncing down an Afghan highway pocked with shell holes and bordered by minefields. I have looked into the weary campfire-lit faces of my fellow Marines in unnamed places and felt time suspend itself, and in that moment found myself wondering whose faces are these?”
In 2006, Joy E. Stocke founded Wild River Review with Kimberly Nagy; and in 2009, they founded Wild River Consulting & Publishing, LLC. With more than twenty-five years experience as a writer and journalist, Stocke works with many of the writers who appear in the pages of Wild River Review, as well as clients from around the world.
In addition, she is Senior Editor for Wild River Books and has shepherded numerous writers into print. She has interviewed Nobel Prize winners Orhan Pamuk and Muhammud Yunus, Pulitzer Prizewinner Paul Muldoon, Paul Holdengraber, Host of LIVE from the NYPL; Roshi Joan Halifax, founder of Upaya Zen Center; anthropologist and expert on end of life care, Mary Catherine Bateson; Ivonne Baki, President of the Andean Parliament; and Templeton Prizewinner Freeman Dyson among others.
In 2006, along with Nagy, Stocke interviewed scientists and artists including former Princeton University President Shirley Tilghman and Dean of Faculty, David P. Dobkin for the documentary Quark Park, chronicling the creation of an award-winning park built on a vacant lot in the heart of Princeton, New Jersey; a park that united art, science and community.
In addition, she has written extinsively on her travels in Greece and Turkey. Her memoir, Anatolian Days and Nights: A Love Affair with Turkey, Land of Dervishes, Goddesses & Saints, based on more than ten years of travel through Turkey, co-written with Angie Brenner was published in March 2012. Stocke and Brenner are currently working on a cookbook, Anatolian Kitchen, to be published in 2016.
Stocke’s essay “Turkish American Food” appears in the 2nd edition of the Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (OUP, 2013). The volume won both International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) for Beverage/Reference/Technical category, 2014; and the Gourmand Award for the Best Food Book of the Year, 2014.
She is the author of a bi-lingual book of poems, Cave of the Bear, translated into Greek by Lili Bita based on her travels in Western Crete, and is currently writing a book about the only hard-finger coral reef in Mexico on the Baja Sur Penninsula. She has been writing about environmental issues there since 2011.
A graduate of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, with a Bachelor of Science in Broadcast Journalism from the Agriculture Journalism School, she participated in the Lindisfarne Symposium on The Evolution of Consciousness with cultural philosopher, poet and historian, William Irwin Thompson. In 2009, she became a Lindisfarne Fellow.
Works by Joy E. Stocke in this Edition
AIRMAIL – LETTERS FROM AROUND THE WORLD
AIRMAIL – VOICE FROM SYRIA
ARTS – ART
COLUMNS – THE MYSTIC PEN
FOOD & DRINK – ANATOLIAN KITCHEN
FREYMAN & PETERSON- Your Life is a Book: How to Craft and Publish Your Memoir
LITERATURE – BOOK REVIEWS
LITERATURE – ESSAYS
LITERATURE – MEMOIR
LITERATURE – POETRY
LIVE FROM THE NYPL
2013 – Three Questions: Festival Director Jakab Orsos talks about Art, Bravery, and Sonia Sotomayor
Critical Minds, Social Revolution: Egyptian Activist Nawal El Saadawi
INTERVIEW – Laszlo Jakab Orsos: Written on Water
Tonight We Rest Here: An Interview with Poet Saadi Youssef
Georgian Writer David Dephy’s Second Skin
On the High Line: Diamonds on the Soles of Our Shoes
Car Bombs on the West Side, Journalists Uptown
New York City – Parade of Illuminations: Behind the Scenes with Festival Director Jakab Orsos
The Pen Cabaret 2008: Bowery Ballroom — Featuring..
Anatolian Days and Nights: A Love Affair with Turkey, Land of Dervishes, Goddesses and Saints
Daring Collaborations: Rolex and LIVE from the NYPL at the New York Public Library Composing a Further Life: with Mary Catherine Bateson
UP THE CREEK
Up the Creek: Volume 1, Number 1
Up the Creek: Volume 1, Number 2.5
Up the Creek: Volume 1, Number 3.3
Up the Creek: Number 4.4
Up the Creek: Beautiful Solutions
Up the Creek: Create Dangerously
Up the Creek: What Price Choice?
Up the Creek: Before and After: September 11, 2001
Up the Creek: Crossing Cultures: Transcending History
Up the Creek: Man in the Mirror; A Map of the World
Up the Creek: Stories and the Shape of Time
Up the Creek: The Divine Road To Istanbul
WRR@LARGE – WILD COVERAGE
UNESCO World Heritage Site Under Threat of Mega-Devlopment Sparks International Protests
The Other Side Of Abu Ghraib — Part One: The Detainees’ Quest For Justice
The Other Side of Abu Ghraib – Part Two: The Yoga Teacher Goes to Istanbul
WRR@LARGE – WILD ENVIRONMENT
WRR@LARGE – WILD FINANCE
WRR@LARGE – SLOW WEB
WRR@LARGE – WRR BOOKS
In 2006, Kimberly Nagy founded Wild River Review with Joy E. Stocke; and in 2009, they founded Wild River Consulting & Publishing, LLC. With more than twenty years in the field of publishing, Nagy specializes in market outreach and digital media strategies as well as crafting timeless articles and interviews. She edits many of the writers who appear in the pages of Wild River Review, as well as clients from around the world.
Kimberly Nagy is a poet, professional writer, and dedicated reader who has interviewed a number of leading thinkers, including Academy-Award winning filmmaker, Pamela Tanner Boll, MacArthur Genius Award-winning Edwidge Danticat, historian James McPherson, playwright Emily Mann, biologist and novelist, Sunetra Gupta and philosopher Alain de Botton.
Nagy is an author, editor and professional storyteller. She received her BA in history at Rider University where she was influenced by professors who stressed works of literature alongside dates and historical facts–as well as the importance of including the perspectives of women and minorities in the historical record. During a period in which she fell in love with writing and research, Nagy wrote an award-winning paper about the suppression of free speech during World War I, and which featured early 20th century feminist and civil rights leader, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn.
Nagy continued her graduate studies at University of Connecticut, Storrs, where she studied with Dr. Karen Kupperman, an expert in early contact between Native Americans and the first European settlers. Nagy wrote her Masters thesis, focusing on the work of the first woman to be accepted into the Connecticut Historical Society as well as literary descriptions of Native Americans in Connecticut during the 19th century. Nagy has extensive background and interest in anthropological, oral history and cultural research.
After graduate school, Nagy applied her academic expertise to a career in publishing, in which she worked for two of the world’s foremost publishers—Princeton University Press and W.W. Norton—as well as at Thomson, Institutional Investor Magazine, Routledge UK, and Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic.
Kimberly Nagy in this Edition
AIRMAIL – LETTERS FROM AROUND THE WORLD
ARTS – ART
ARTS – FILM REVIEWS
ARTS – MUSIC
ARTS – PHOTOGRAPHY
The Triple Goddess Trials: Fire in the Head: Brigit’s Mysterious Spark
The Triple Goddess Trials: Introduction
The Triple Goddess Trials – Meeting Virginia Woolf at the Strand
The Triple Goddess Trials: Me and Medusa
The Triple Goddess Trials: Aphrodite and the Lightbulb Factory
The Triple Goddess Trials: Goddess of Milk and Honey
The Triple Goddess Trials: Kali’s Ancient Love Song
ASHLEY – Renee Ashley: A Voice Answering a Voice
BELLI – Giocanda Belli – The Page is My Home
BOLL – Pamela Tanner Boll: Dangerous Women: An Interview with Academy Award Winner Pamela Tanner Boll
DANTICAT – Create Dangerously- A Conversation with Edwidge Danticat
CHARBONNEAU – A Cruise Along the Inside Track: With Le Mobile’s Sound Recording Legend Guy Charbonneau
de BOTTON – The Art of Connection: A Conversation with Alain de Botton
GUPTA – Suneptra Gupta – The Elements of Style: The Novelist and Biologist Discusses Metaphor and Science
HANDAL – Nathalie Handal – Love and Strange Horses
HOLT – Rush Holt: An Interview with Rush Holt
KHWAJA – Waqas Khwaja: What a Difference a Word Makes
MAURO: New World Monkeys: An Interview with Nancy Mauro
MOSS – Practical Mystic–Robert Moss: On Book Families, Jung and How Dreams Can Save Your Soul
OGLINE – BEN FRANKLIN.COM: Author & Illustrator Tim Ogline explains why Ben Franklin would be a technology evangelist today
OLSEN – Greg Olsen – Reaching for the Stars: Scientist, Entrepreneur and Space Traveler
PALYA – Beata Palya – The Secret World of Songs
SCHIMMEL – Moonlight Science: A Conversation with Molecular Biologist and Entrepreneur, Paul Schimmel
SHORS – Journey into the Male & Female Brain: An Interview with Tracey Shors
von MOLTKE and SIMMS – Dorothy von Moltke and Cliff Simms: Why Independent Bookstores Matter, Part I
WARD – On the Rocks: Global Warming and the Rock and Fossil Record – An Interview with Peter Ward, Part One, and
On the Rocks: Global Warming and the Rock and Fossil Record – An Interview with Peter Ward, Part Two
WILKES – Labor of Love: An Interview With Architect Kevin Wilkes
LITERATURE – POETRY
LIVE FROM THE NYPL
The New York Public Library at 100: From the Stacks to the Streets
Paul Holdengraber: The Afterlife of Conversation
That Email Changed My Life: Rolex Arts Initiative. Pulitzer Prize Winning Poet Tracy K. Smith Celebrates Rolex Arts Initiative
First Editions / Second Thoughts — Defending Writers: PEN and Christie’s Raise One Million Dollars to Support Freedom of Expression
ON AFRICA: May 4 to May 10 — Behind the Scenes with Director Jakab Orsos: Co-curated by Award-Winning Author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
The Page is My Home: Giaconda Belli – Nicaraguan Poet, Writer and Public Intellectual
Georgian Writer David Dephy’s Second Skin
The Power of Conversation: David Grossman and Nadine Gordimer – The Arthur Miller Freedom to Write Lecture
NEW FROM WILD RIVER BOOKS – Brief Eulogies at Roadside Shrines
Daring Collaborations: Rolex and LIVE from the NYPL at the New York Public Library
Wild River Books Announces the Stoutsburg Cemetery Project: The Untold Stories of an African American Burial Ground in New Jersey
Wild River Books: Surprise Encounters by Scott McVay
Wild River Review and Minerva’s Bed & Breakfast Presents – “BITTER” Writing in a Weekend: How to Write About the Things We Can’t Change
ALLEN – Quarks, Parks, and Science in Everyday Life: Filmmaker Chris Allen’s Documentary Where Art Meets Science in a Vacant Lot
MANN – Boundless Theater: An Interview with Emily Mann
Keeping Time: A Conversation with Historian James McPherson